DESIGN Adult and adolescent dosing and drug clearance data we

\n\nDESIGN Adult and adolescent dosing and drug clearance data were obtained from FDA-approved drug labels and publicly available databases containing Kinase Inhibitor Library reviews of pediatric trials submitted to the FDA. Dosing information was compared for products with concordant indications for adolescent and adult patients. Adolescent drug clearance was predicted from adult pharmacokinetic data by using allometric scaling and compared with observed values.\n\nMAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Adolescent and adult dosing information and drug clearance.\n\nRESULTS There were 126 unique products with pediatric studies

submitted to the FDA since the FDA Amendments Act of 2007, of which 92 had at least 1 selleck compound adolescent indication concordant

with an adult indication. Of these 92 products, 87 (94.5%) have equivalent dosing for adults and adolescent patients. For 18 of these 92 products, a minimum weight or body surface area threshold is recommended for adolescents to receive adult dosing. Allometric scaling predicted adolescent drug clearance with an overall mean absolute percentage error of 17.0%.\n\nCONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Approved adult and adolescent drug dosing is equivalent for 94.5% of products with an adolescent indication studied since the FDA Amendments Act of 2007. Allometric scaling may be a useful tool to avoid unnecessary dedicated pharmacokinetic studies in the adolescent population during pediatric drug development, although each development program in adolescents requires a full discussion of drug dosing with the FDA.”
“To clarify the significance GSK3326595 of post-transplant serum ferritin (SF), we retrospectively assessed pre- and post-transplant SF. Among 256 patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT) for hematologic malignancies between 2000 and 2011, those who had relapsed within 1 year were excluded, and 110 patients surviving for more than 1

year were included in the analysis. The cut-off value of SF was 1000 ng/mL, and four pre- and post-SF groups were defined: low-low (n = 62), low-high (n = 12), high-low (n = 13) and high-high (n = 23). Outcomes at 5 years for each group were as follows: overall survival (OS) 88.2, 38.1, 92.3 and 76.7%, respectively, p = 0.004, and non-relapse mortality (NRM) 11.3, 53.6, 7.7 and 18.9%, respectively, p = 0.037. Patients receiving larger transfusion volumes or developing chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) demonstrated higher 1-year SF values. In multivariate analysis for OS and NRM, low-high SF remained a significant predictor of OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.49, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.10-11.0, p = 0.032) and NRM (HR = 2.95, 95% CI: 1.04-8.36, p = 0.041). These results suggest that the elevation of SF at 1 year after SCT, which may reflect transfusion and the development of chronic GVHD, may have an aggravating influence on outcomes after SCT.

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